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PALESTINE INFO 4 / BACKGROUND
The Palestine Monitor, A PNGO Information Clearinghouse

UPDATE
Israeli Army greets the new Palestinian government with a death toll of 25
01 May 2003

Over the last 48 hours Israeli Forces in the Gaza Strip killed 23 people: 16 killed today:
- 13 killed during a raid on the Shajayia neighborhood of Gaza City, including a two-year-old toddler named Amyr Ahamad Ayad; Abdallah Farajjallah Al-Imrani, 17 years old; Mohammad Kamal Abu-Zreineh, 13 years old; Baker Muheifin, 40 years old; Mohammad Ad-Ahdoud , 13 years old; Ahmad At-Tatter, 13 years old; Nasser Hallaf, 36 years old; Rami Saaed, 27 years old; Na'aim Bassel, 17 years old; and the three brothers: Youssef (30 years old), Mahmoud (33 years old), and Aiman Abu Hein (29 years old) ; also Mr. Sjeikhtah Al-Gharably, 67 years old, died of heart attack during the raid. -2 killed in the village of Yatta, around Hebron (Khaled Al-Makhamer and Mohammad Assad Budir);
-1 killed by soldiers guarding the illegal settlement of Harmish, located in an area around Tulkarem.

5 killed yesterday:
-a 35 years old Palestinian worker, alledgelly killed by 'mistake' by a security guard from the settlement Moshav Petza'el in the Jordan Valley. Palestinian laborers said the man had been working at the Kibbutz Beit Ha'arava, further south, and was returning home by bus. They said he got off the bus, apparently to relieve himself.
-A 60 years old man , killed by Israeli soldiers near the Termit outpost next to Rafah. Israeli military sources alledged that the 60 years old man approached the outpost "in a crouching position" that aroused the soldiers' suspicions.
-A 28 years old farmer, Mr. Raik Darahmeh , killed by soldiers in a checkpoint near Tubas, around Jenin -A 55 years old lady tending sheep near the Netzarim settlement on the Southern Gaza Strip

4 killed the day before yesterday:
-Nidal Salame killed inside his car by fire from an Apache helicopter while driving around a residential area in Kahn Younis. A civilian bystander was also killed;
-Two Palestinians killed in Al-Khader area, near Betlehem, after having surrendered to Israeli troops.

This is another indication that unless strong international pressure would be brought over Israel there will be no progress in the proposed 'Road Map' Process.

For more information contact: The Palestine Monitor
+972 (0)2 298 5372 or +972 (0)59 254 218
www.palestinemonitor.org


Palestinian Medical Relief (UPMRC) : URGENT APPEAL
Stop Attacks on Medical Relief Services

Monday 5th May 2003

The Israeli occupying army invaded two medical relief clinics and Training Centers in Nablus and Ramallah. They caused serious damage to the buildings, destroyed computers and furniture as well as breaking doors, and stole equipment. During this attack the Israeli occupying army arrested Dr Mohammed Skafi (43) who is the Head of Emergency Services and First Aid at Medical Relief. Dr Skafi suffers from Diabetes. They also arrested Mr Nasaif Al Dik, Coordinator of Community Health Projects and two medical relief volunteers - Shadi Abu Bakr and Ahmed Badwan. All were arrested in their homes.

UPMRC severely condemns this attack, as it is a violation of International Law and the Fourth Geneva Convention. Those arrested were engaged in peaceful, non-violent actions, providing medical relief to civilians and patients. Much is needed from their services. This attack is a dangerous sign as the Israeli occupying army has invaded humanitarian services, a grave violation of International Law.

We call upon all humanitarian, human rights and health organizations to apply immediate pressure on the Israeli army and the Israeli government to release the prisoners so that they may return to their essential humanitarian work. Please also demand that all stolen equipment must be returned to the medical centers immediately. Please protest to the following:

Ariel Sharon, Prime Minister Office of the Prime Minister 3 Kaplan Street, P O Box 187 Jerusalem 91919, Israel Fax: +972 2 6705475 E-mail: rohm at pmo.gov.il

Elyakim Rubinstein Attorney-General/Legal Advisor to the Government Ministry of Justice 9 Salah al-Din Street Jerusalem 91010, Israel Fax: +972 2 6285438

Shaul Mofaz Minister of Defence Kaplan St. Hakirya Tel-Aviv 61909 Tel: 972-3-5692010 Fax: 972-3-6916940

For further information please contact the PMRC office on 02-298-8234/ 0550 or 059-254-218


From: "ISM Media Alerts" Date: Wed, 16
Apr 2003 01:36:12 +0200
Subject: OUTRAGE !?!
OUTRAGE! A Call to Action, please distribute widely. Nablus: Another Palestinian Taken

OUTRAGE!


On March 16, 2003, Rachel Corrie was murdered by an Israeli soldier driving an American made bulldozer. She was killed by the Israeli Army, she was killed by the state of Israel, she was killed by the United States, she was killed by Caterpillar. But mostly she was killed by Silence!! Our governments are not responding to our cry!

Now on the heels of the attempted murders of two other activists working with the International Solidarity Movement, the Israeli army has cleared itself and the driver of all responsibility for Rachel's death. We fully expected this. The Israeli army has almost never acknowledged any responsibility for any of its crimes against humanity. The innumerable breaches of International agreements like the Geneva Conventions are dismissed as "necessary for security of the State of Israel" WE ARE OUTRAGED!

No, our outrage is not due to the findings of the Israeli army. It is due to the lack of response and the lack of outrage from our governments. Why was there no outrage at the killing of Ian Hook and the shooting of Caoimhe Butterly? Why was there no outrage at the killing of Rachel Corrie? Where is the outrage at the shooting of Brian Avery and Tom Hurndall? Just as importantly; where is the outrage at the daily terror inflicted on the people of Palestine by a brutal occupation built on murder, terror, torture, humiliation and starvation.

We are calling upon you to continue to express your outrage at the inaction of your governments. Stop the killing of unarmed civilians by the Israeli army. Stop the killing of children. Stop the house demolitions and the blowing up of UN food warehouses. Stop the shooting of unarmed international peace activists and human rights workers! Stop the insanity!! END THE SILENCE!!

For US, Please continue to demand passage of the Rachel Corrie Resolution 111. Contact your congressperson, the State Department and the White House using this link. http://www.cflweb.org/congress_merge_.htm. Also call the State Department and demand action. STATE DEPARTMENT 1-202-647-5150

For UK, Please call THE FOREIGN OFFICE 020 7008 1500, Also Contact your MP and Prime Minister

For Israel Contact Israeli Foreign Minister, Shimon Peres Fax: +972-2- 5303704 e-mail: sar at mofa.gov.il Israeli Defense Minister, Benyamin Ben Eliezer Fax: +972-3- 6916940, 6976990 e-mail: sar at mod.gov.il Prime Minister Ariel Sharon fax: (+972-2) 566-4838 or 651-3955 or 651-2631

For Canada: Minister of Foreign Affairs Bill Graham, House of Commons, Ottawa ON K1A 0A6 Fax 613-996-3443

Everyone, Contact the Israeli embassy in your country

For ALL of Europe, Japan, South America, and Austrailia, WE NEED YOUR HELP! Put in your country contact info and forward.


Aus: Yediot Aharonot vom 10. 04. 2003

ISRAEL: RAFFINIERT VERDECKTER "TRANSFER" DER PALÄSTINENSER Von Tanya Reinhart

Am Vorabend des Krieges gegen den Irak wurden in verschiedenen Kreisen Befürchtungen laut, dass Israel unter dem Deckmantel des Krieges einen "Transfer" der Palästinenser an der "Saumlinie" (Kalkilya, Tulkarem) der nördlichen Westbank versuchen könnte. Eine Szene dieses Szenarios wurde letzte Woche von der Armee aufgeführt. Am 2. April um 3 Uhr morgens fiel ein großer Truppenverband in das Flüchtlingslager von Tulkarem ein, blockierte alle Straßen und Pfade mit Stacheldraht und verkündete über Lautsprecher, dass alle Männer im Alter zwischen 15 und 40 Jahren sich zu einem bestimmten Gelände im Zentrum des Lagers zu begeben hätten. Um 9 Uhr begann die Armee, die zusammengetriebenen Männer in ein nahegelegenes Flüchtlingslager abzutransportieren. Diesmal war es nur eine demonstrativ vorgeführte Szene, und den Einwohnern wurde gestattet, nach wenigen Tagen zurückzukehren. Aber die Prozedur dieser Show sorgte dafür, das ihre Bedeutung den Teilnehmern und Zuschauern nicht entgehen konnte. Man achtete insbesondere darauf, dass die Evakuierung mit Lastwagen erfolgte - eine exakte Wiederaufführung des Traumas von 1948. Einer der Einwohner beschrieb seine Gefühle, als er auf den Lastwagen verfrachtet wurde, so: "Alle Erinnerungen und Kindheitsgeschichten meines Vaters und Großvaters von der Nakba tauchten wieder auf." (Ha'aretz v. 04. 03. 03)

Viele interpretieren diese Show als "Generalprobe" für die Möglichkeit eines bevorstehenden Transfer. Es kann kein Zweifel daran bestehen, dass die gegenwärtige Regierung konzeptionell auf den Transfer vorbereitet ist, aber es ist nicht sicher, dass die "internationalen Bedingungen" reif sind, dies in der Weise, wie gerade vorgeführt, durchzuführen. Der Krieg im Irak hat für die USA zu einer Situation geführt, die zu verwickelt ist, als dass ein weiterer Brennpunkt eröffnet werden könnte. Aber Transfer bedeutet nicht einfach nur Lastwagen. In der israelischen Geschichte der "Landnahme" gibt es auch ein anderes Modell, das verdeckter und raffinierter ist. Im Rahmen des Projekts der "Judaisierung von Galiläa", das in den 50er Jahren begonnen wurde, wurden die Palästinenser, die in Israel verblieben, der Hälfte ihres Landes beraubt. Sie wurden in kleinen Enklaven, von israelischen Siedlungen umgeben, isoliert und verloren nach und nach die Bindungen, die sie als Nation zusammenhielten. Ein solcher innerer Transfer findet nun in den besetzten Gebieten statt, und er ist während des Krieges noch ausgeweitet worden.

Am 24. März drangen die Bulldozer auf die Ländereien des Dorfes Mas'ha vor, das nahe der Siedlung von Elkana liegt, und begannen den neuen Verlauf der Grenzmauer zu markieren, welche das Dorf von all seinen Ländereien abschneiden wird, genau so wie Tausende von Dunams, die zu Bidia und anderen Dörfern des Gebietes gehören. Elkana liegt etwa fünf Kilometer von der Grünen Linie entfernt, aber der Verlauf des Zauns wurde im Juni 2002 geändert, so dass er auch Elkana innerhalb der israelischen Seite einschließen wird. Allerdings ist es selbst nach diesem Plan nicht erforderlich, diese Länderein von den Dörfern wegzunehmen.

Es war nicht nur Gier nach Land, welche die Bulldozer auf die Ländereien von Bidia und Mas'ha vorstoßen ließ. Diese Ländereien liegen im westlichen Teil des Berggrundwasserbassins - des großen Wasserreservoirs, das seinen Ursprung in der Westbank hat, und dessen Wasser unterirdisch auch ins Zentrum von Israel fließen. Von den 600 Millionen Kubikmeter Wasser, welches das Bergreservoir jährlich liefert, entnimmt Israel in verschiedenen Gebieten etwa 500 Millionen. (1) Die Kontrolle über die Wasserreserven war immer ein zentrales israelisches Motiv für die Aufrechterhaltung der Besatzung. Die Labourregierungen der 70er Jahre legten die ersten Siedlungen, die sie genehmigten in Gebiete, die für Bohrungen als "kritische Stellen" definiert wurden. Elkana war eine dieser Siedlungen, die aufgrund eines Planes gegründet wurden, der den (irreführenden) Namen "Schutz der Quellen des Yarkon" erhielt. (2) Seit der Besetzung 1967 hindert Israel die Palästinenser daran, neue Brunnen zu bauen, aber auf den Ländereien von Mas'ha und Bidia, wie auch auf den Ländereien, die bereits von Kalkilia und Tul Karem abgeschnitten sind, gibt es noch viele funktionierende Brunnen aus der Zeit vor 1967. Deren fortgesetzte Nutzung könnte die Menge des Wassers etwas vermindern, welches von Israel entnommen werden kann.

Die Einwohner von Mas'ha und Bidia, die dafür kämpfen, ihre Ländereien und ihren Lebensunterhalt zu retten, haben entlang den Pfaden der Bulldozer aus Protest Zelte errichtet. "Friedenszelte" werden sie von ihnen mit einem Schimmer von Hoffnung genannt. Palästinenser, Israelis und internationale Unterstützer haben sich Tag und Nacht in diesen Zelten aufgehalten und stellen sich vor den Bulldozern auf. Ich war letzten Sonntag dort. Ringsum in alle Himmelsrichtungen, Hügel und Hügel mit Olivenbäumen - weite Gebiete mit Grün und Weideland, das man nur dort findet, wo Menschen seit Generationen auf ihrem Land leben, sich seiner Kostbarkeit und Schönheit bewusst sind. Und all dies Land gerät nun in die gierigen Hände der Landnehmer, die seine Brunnen austrocknen und es an Immobilieninvestoren verkaufen möchten.

=========

(1) Dies sind die Vor-Oslo-Zahlen für 1993, zitiert in Haim Gvirzman "Two in the same basin", in Ha'aretz v. 16. 05. 1993. Nach Angaben der Palästinensischen Hydrologiegruppe beläuft sich die gesamte palästinensische Wasserentnahme aus einer jährlichen Ergiebigkeit des westlichen Teils des Berggrundwasserbassins von gewärtig 362 Millionen Kubikmeter pro Jahr beläuft sich lediglich auf 22 Millionen Kubikmeter pro Jahr (www.pengon.org, Report #1.)

(2) Gvirzman, a.a.O.

Übersetzung: Klaus von Raussendorff nach einer aus dem Hebräischen übersetzten englischen Fassung von Irit Katriel


z.K. / FYI + e=mXc2
Please forward (Do not say you did not know)
----- Original Message -----
From: Shraga Elam
To: Undisclosed-Recipient:;
Sent: Thursday, April 03, 2003 10:20 AM
Subject: [Mediengruppe] Fw: [JPN] All Men between 15-45 Forced to Leave Tulkarem for 3 Days

Message from Ilan Pappe:

I hope many of you have noticed what is going on in Tul Karem as it is difficult to follow news that do not refer to the American butchery in Iraq. Under the guise of a search operation the Israeli army was drilling the transfer (this time only for three days) of 1000 Palestinians. They were ordered not to come back until the end of military operation. In most cases they will come to destroyed houses hardly worthy or reinhabiting. In the early 1950s, the same method was used to oust Palestinians from dozens of villages who were then erased from upon the earth.

Under the cover of the Iraqi war it seems that the Israeli government is stepping up its preparations for major operations against the population in the occupied territories. It is worth while to repeat Gush Shalom's alret to anyone who knows of mobilization and recruitment of logistics and soldeiers for deportations and expulsion operations. So with all due respect to the tragic story of the chornicles of the Jenin Jenin film in Arte, we should be aware that the war in Iraq inspirs the occupation army to probe the possiblities of ethnic cleansing after the starvation of the West Bank that has been already going on for two weeks. In the eternal Israeli search of how far can we go without repeating the Holocaust and yet destroying the Palestinians - new fields of activity have been discovered and more are to be crossed in the coming months.

Do not say you did not know and do suggest to us - as quickly as you can before it is too late - what else, apart from boycott and outside pressure, can stop this evil state of ours from committing its daily crimes against humanity..

------------------------------------------------------

This mail sent through IMP Webmail of Haifa University
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----- Original Message -----
From: Jewish Peace News
To: jewishpeacenews at yahoogroups.com
Sent: Thursday, April 03, 2003 10:34 AM
Subject: [JPN] All Men between 15-45 Forced to Leave Tulkarem for 3 Days

[Anti-occupation organizations and activists in the Occupied Territories and Israel have been fearing for months that world-wide interest in the US-led invasion of Iraq would provide the Sharon government with an opportunity to step up systematic atrocities in the Territories, making life even more un-livable than it already is for Palestinians, possibly even implementing a systematic policy of enforced expulsion. An umbrella group of Palestinian and Israeli organizations has agreed to closely monitor ongoing events in the Territories for signs of such developments. One of the difficulties facing concerned activists is the incrementally rising level of severity in Israel's open implementation of criminal measures against civilians (summary executions, forced use of human shields, random and punitive demolitions of homes, siege to the point of malnutrition, and on and on) over the past few years, in fact already amounting to a "creeping" expulsion of Palestinians leaving the Territories to protect their lives and families. When daily events in the Territories are already so horrendous, it is tricky to distinguish the beginnings of a qualitative shift in intensity. The following two items from the information service of International Solidarity Movement definitely describe a more-than-usually-severe Israeli incursion against the Tulkarem refugee camp, including the round-up and forced removal of most of the men in the camp, and the subsequent, apparently random vandalization of many homes, and a concentrated attack and siege against the Gaza Strip town of Rafah. RM]

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tulkarem: Israeli Army Invades Tulkarem Refugee Camp; Stand-Off

Outside Hospital

In the small hours of this morning the Israeli Army and border police invaded Tulkarem Refugee Camp with attack helicopters, tanks, APCs, hummers (special forces vehicles) and hundreds of soldiers and border policemen. After taking control of the camp, they began to round up the camp's entire male population between the ages of 15 and 45. At dawn the men were marched in groups to the Tulkarem Refugee Camp's School for Girls where they were held until for varying periods of time before being taken away in trucks. It seems that the majority of the men were taken to the Nur Shams Refugee Camps about 1.5 kilometres from Tulkarem Refugee Camp, where they were dumped in the streets and forbidden to return to their homes for three days.

Following the abductions, the soldiers began ransacking the houses of the Refugee Camp. Unlike their "house searches" in Nablus, which were carried out in a systematic, house-to-house manner, these seem to have been conducted at random, making it difficult for the ISM to anticipate where the vandals would strike next.

In spite of this, the eight ISM activists (from Ireland, the US, Germany and Occupied Palestine) did their best to monitor Israeli activities in the Refugee Camp and moderate their brutality through negotiation. On several occasions the border policemen threatened to arrest the activists unless they left the area and on one occasion a soldier forcibly stole a hand-held video camera that the activists were using to film the invasion. The camera was later returned to the activists but its video tape confiscated on the orders of the soldier's commanding officer, with whom he communicated by radio. The soldier who stole the tape claimed to be Moshe Cohen of the Golani Division.

In the afternoon Israeli border policemen entered the Thabbat Thabbat Hospital in Tulkarem City and bashed one of its visitors in front ot the ISM activists before dragging him away. About half an hour later they announced on loudspeakers that all men must leave the hospital and surrender themselves into their custody immediately. The ISM activists who were in the hospital then went out to insist that this would constitute a war crime and they had no right to round up hospital patients under the Geneva Convention.

The border policemen then claimed that one of the cars parked outside the hospital was stolen from Israel and they suspected that it had a bomb in it. They said that they intended to blow the car up and would have to evacuate the hospital before doing so.

The ISM activists refused to be taken in by this obvious lie and refused to leave the hospital.

The standoff between the ISM and the border police continued for about three and a half hours with the border police stopping cars and ambulances that were trying to enter and leave the hospital and threatening to blow up the car while the ISM activists refused to leave and contacted the Hamoked and Physicians for Human Rights Groups, which demanded that the border police respect the hospital's status.

At 8.10 pm the border police abandoned their blocade of the hospital but threatened to return tomorrow Tonight the Tulkarem Refugee Camp is still under Occupation and both the camp and Tulkarem City are under curfew.

An estimated five thousand men were abducted from Tulkarem Refugee Camp today and, except for a handful who managed to evade capture, the camp is now empty of males between the ages of 15 and 45.

____________________________________________________________________
Jewish Peace News (JPN) is an edited news-clipping and commentary service provided by A Jewish Voice for Peace. JPN's editors are Adam Gutride, Amichai Kronfeld, Rela Mazali, Sarah Anne Minkin, Judith Norman, Mitchell Plitnick, Lincoln Shlensky, and Alistair Welchman. The opinions expressed by the editors and presented in the articles sent to this list are solely those of their authors, and do not necessarily reflect the viewpoints of A Jewish Voice for Peace. A Jewish Voice for Peace (JVP) is a San Francisco Bay Area grassroots organization dedicated to the human, civil and economic rights of Jews, Palestinians, and all peoples in the Middle East.

Donating to A Jewish Voice for Peace is easy. Just go to our website at www.jewishvoiceforpeace.org. There, you can either donate online using your credit card or you can find our mailing address to send us a check. All contributions are tax-deductible. Your support is greatly appreciated.

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PRESS RELEASE

INTERNATIONAL SOLIDARITY MOVEMENT
Thursday March 27, 2003
For Immediate Release
Jenin Under Lockdown

ISRAELI MILITARY INVADE ISM OFFICE

[JENIN] Jenin has been under 24-hour curfew for 5 consecutive days. During this time 4 children have been shot by the Israeli Occupation Forces, two of whom, age 14 and 15 have died. One 12-year-old is in critical condition and the other is hospitalized. Twenty-six houses in the Jenin camp and city have been occupied by soldiers for the positioning of snipers and other military purposes.

At approximately 4:30am on Thursday March 27, individuals staying in the apartment of the ISM in Jenin’s town center were awakened by the sound of heavy gunfire. One hour later there was another blast. The people in the apartment went to the window to see what was going on. They spotted two military jeeps in the streets below. One of the volunteers went into the hallway to see what was happening and met a young man coming up the stairs. He looked terrified, was soaking wet and appeared to be in pain. Concerned about his welfare – under Israeli military curfew, Palestinians spotted in the streets are shot on site – he was brought into the apartment. He spoke only Arabic, which none of the ISM volunteers present understood. He was given a change of clothes, a hot drink and a blanket. Some of the people in the apartment went down into the street to find out if there was anyone else at risk outside. They were subsequently prevented from re-entering the building by Israeli soldiers. Two women remained with the young man in the apartment. The women began to hear loud noises and banging down below and became frightened. They did not want to leave the apartment or risk the young man leaving – Palestinians found in the streets during Israeli military curfew are shot on site – so they stayed inside.

The Israeli Occupation Forces were breaking into offices in the building, including that of the International Committee of the Red Cross and Medicines San Frontiers. Eventually the military knocked on the ISM door and 30 soldiers entered with their machine guns trained. They arrested the young man, claiming he was “wanted.” The two women were not able to prevent the soldiers from taking the young man, whose name they did not even know, but requested that he be treated humanely.

The Israeli Occupation Forces have labeled every Palestinian man, woman and child a terrorist to justify their widespread use of collective punishment, which include lockdowns, home demolitions and random mass arrests. ISM is concerned about the welfare of this young man and all Palestinian detainees being held in conditions that do not meet the minimal standards set by international human rights laws. They are held without charge and denied medical and legal access.

For more information please call the ISM team in Jenin at: +972-57-836-527

END

=======================================
Tom
ISM Media Coordinator
Beit Sahour
Occupied Palestine
Phone: +972-2-2774602
Cell: +972-67-862 439
web: http://www.palsolidarity.org
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